Surveillance & Society 2017-12-05T19:59:33-05:00 Prof. Torin Monahan Open Journal Systems <p>The international, interdisciplinary, open access, peer-reviewed journal of Surveillance Studies.</p> Social Injustice in Surveillance Capitalism 2017-12-05T19:59:28-05:00 Jonathan Cinnamon <p>A rapidly accelerating phase of capitalism based on asymmetrical personal data accumulation poses significant concerns for democratic societies, yet the concepts used to understand and challenge practices of dataveillance are insufficient or poorly elaborated. Against a backdrop of growing corporate power enabled by legal lethargy and the secrecy of the personal data industry, this paper makes explicit how the practices inherent to what Shoshana Zuboff calls ‘surveillance capitalism’ are threats to social justice, based on the normative principle that they prevent parity of participation in social life. This paper draws on Nancy Fraser’s theory of ‘abnormal justice’ to characterize the separation of people from their personal data and its accumulation by corporations as an economic injustice of maldistribution. This initial injustice is also the key mechanism by which further opaque but significant forms of injustice are enabled in surveillance capitalism—sociocultural misrecognition which occurs when personal data are algorithmically processed and subject to categorization, and political misrepresentation which renders people democratically voiceless, unable to challenge misuses of their data. In situating corporate dataveillance practices as a threat to social justice, this paper calls for more explicit conceptual development of the social harms of asymmetrical personal data accumulation and analytics, and more hopefully, attention to the requirements needed to recast personal data as an agent of equality rather than oppression.</p> 2017-12-05T12:14:45-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Personal Data Spaces: An Intervention in Surveillance Capitalism? 2017-12-05T19:59:29-05:00 Tuukka Lehtiniemi <p>Personal data spaces, or PDSs, are emerging intermediary services that allow users control over the sharing and use of their data. In this article, the surveillance capitalism model, which describes how businesses employ datafication to create value in the digital economy, is used to contextualize PDSs. Focusing on three PDS services, I analyze the social imaginaries they represent, paying attention to the increased agency over data they offer users. This proposed agency reflects the efforts of PDSs to intervene in, but not counter, surveillance capitalism. While their goal is to intensify datafication by increasing the quality and specificity of data that businesses can employ, their interventions also change the structure of data flows, allowing users to more directly benefit from datafication. PDSs envision their users as data-supplying and benefit-demanding market participants, active subjects in value creation instead of passive objects of data extraction. PDSs view themselves as platform providers that facilitate data exchanges and rely on market mechanisms to ensure beneficial services are developed for users to choose from.</p> 2017-12-05T12:40:17-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Explaining the Data Double: Confessions and Self-Examinations in Job Recruitments 2017-12-05T19:59:30-05:00 Anna Hedenus Christel Backman <p>The practice of cybervetting—i.e., online background checks of a jobseeker’s ‘data double’—is considered to be a valuable tool in the recruitment process by an increasing amount of employers. As a consequence, jobseekers lose some control over what aspects of their past, personal interests or private life they will share with the employer. Moreover, jobseekers are expected to confess, explain and contextualize unfavorable information about them if they want to be perceived as employable. This study aims to show how cybervetting recruiters encourage and anticipate such confessions, and use the outcomes to evaluate jobseekers’ honesty and capacity for self-reflection. The analysis is based on qualitative interviews with 36 Swedish human resource professionals, hiring managers and employers, and guided by Foucault’s theoretical work on self-examinations, along with the confessional culture and its related concepts. We argue that confessions about information found on the internet are an important factor of what we label ‘online employability’: jobseekers’ capability to sanitize, keep track of and explain their data doubles. Hence, as the recruiter can examine a jobseeker’s private spheres, cybervetting is a surveillance practice with direct consequences on recruitment as well as clear effects on jobseekers’ self-examinations and interactions with human resources personnel.</p> 2017-12-05T13:08:00-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Surveilling Social Difference: Black Women’s "Alley Work" in Industrializing Minneapolis 2017-12-05T19:59:31-05:00 Freda L. Fair <p>This article examines the arrest records of black women who worked as sex workers in downtown Minneapolis in the late 19<sup>th</sup> and early 20<sup>th</sup> centuries who were referred to as “alley workers.” I demonstrate the ways in which black women’s alley work documents the coming together of photography and surveillance as constitutive of the broader project of the modernization of police work through the procedures of standardization offered by the Bertillon System of Criminal Identification. I draw on women of color feminism, visual cultural studies, and critical race studies to analyze the alley work historical archive as a representational account of black women’s sexual regulation. My argument is that the Bertillon system’s attempts to categorize alley work functions as a strategy of surveillance that regulates black women’s economic and social difference. The police’s efforts to identify alley work as economically transgressive positions black sexual labor as an unruly site of social management in the context of industrializing Minneapolis.</p> 2017-12-05T13:57:42-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Prolepticon: Anticipatory Citizen Surveillance of the Police 2017-12-05T19:59:32-05:00 Ajay Singh <p>This paper introduces the concept of Prolepticon, describing anticipatory citizen surveillance of the police. Over the past four years, the spread of camera-enabled cellphones has allowed citizens to capture moments of police misconduct that previously would have remained unseen. The impact that this ubiquity of cellphone-wielding citizens has on policing is unclear. Former FBI Director James Comey suggests that the increased scrutiny on the actions of law enforcement through citizen video is causing police to retreat from policing, a phenomenon dubbed the YouTube Effect. I propose that as citizens continue to anticipate negative police-citizen encounters and record the interactions, and as officers internalize the potential of being surveilled by citizens, police are likely to moderate their behavior and engage in more professional policing. Through a series of case examples, I introduce the concept of Prolepticon using the Foucauldian lens of the Panopticon, providing a new paradigm to understand the impact of increased citizen surveillance of the police.<strong> <br></strong></p> 2017-12-05T13:45:49-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review of Karen Fang's Arresting Cinema 2017-12-05T19:59:29-05:00 Anita Lam 2017-12-05T14:13:28-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review of Reeves' Citizen Spies: The Long Rise of America’s Surveillance Society 2017-12-05T19:59:30-05:00 Alexander J. Myers William G. Staples 2017-12-05T14:18:17-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review of Barney, Coleman, Ross, Sterne, and Tembeck’s The Participatory Condition in the Digital Age 2017-12-05T19:59:31-05:00 Daniel Trottier 2017-12-05T14:24:01-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review of Cheney-Lippold’s We are Data: Algorithms and the Making of our Digital Selves 2017-12-05T19:59:32-05:00 Alana Saulnier 2017-12-05T14:27:27-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review of Taylor and Rooney's Surveillance Futures: Social and Ethical Implications of New Technologies for Children and Young People 2017-12-05T19:59:33-05:00 Ask Risom Bøge <p>Emmeline Taylor and Tonya Rooney's anthology 'Surveillance Futures' is reviewed in this paper. It is argued that this new book is an important and timely contribution to studies of surveillance and childhood. It offers a broad and highly interdisciplinary understanding of how new surveillance technologies affect children's lives and blur the boundaries between familiy life, school life and social life. &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2017-12-05T14:32:19-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review of Marx's Windows into the Soul: Surveillance and Society in an Age of High Technology 2017-12-05T19:59:33-05:00 Robert Thornton-Lee 2017-12-05T14:36:48-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Review of Keller’s Democracy Betrayed: The Rise of the Surveillance Security State 2017-12-05T19:59:33-05:00 Nelson Arteaga Botello 2017-12-05T14:39:54-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##