The Authoritarian Government of Angola learning High-Tech Surveillance

Main Article Content

Joana Bárbara Fonseca


José Eduardo do Santos (JES), President of Angola, has been in charge since 1979, and is also the commander-in-chief of the FAA (Angola Armed Forces) and president of the MPLA, (the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, in charge of the country’s politics since 1975).
Since 2011, inspired by the rise of the Arab Spring, some groups started group debates, trying to finding pacific ways to raise awareness to the authoritarian regime they were living. Consequently, the government dealt with them with extreme violence, using them as object-example of fear to whoever tried to oppose. In 2015, a group of 17 activists was arrested for reading a book in an open reunion, and accused of conspiring against JES’ government. One of the front men of this movement just spoke at the European Parliament in January 2017, though a month later he was suffering police violence again when joining a new manifestation in Luanda. In April 2017, a similar case happened to another group of activists, and the 7 remain in jail in poor health conditions.

Article Details

How to Cite
FONSECA, Joana Bárbara. The Authoritarian Government of Angola learning High-Tech Surveillance. Surveillance & Society, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 3/4, p. 371-380, aug. 2017. ISSN 1477-7487. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 aug. 2017.
Surveillance; Angola; authority; dictatorship


Amaral, I. 1996. O Reino do Congo, os Mbundu, o Reino dos Ngola e a presença Portuguesa de finais do séc. XV a meados do séc. XVI. Lisboa.
Ames, Paul. 2015. “Portugal is becoming an Angolan financial colony”. in Polí
Baghavan, M. R. 1986. Angola’s Political Economy 1975-1985. Uppsala: The Scandinavian Institute of African Studies.
Beirão, Luaty. 2016. Sou eu mais livre, então. Lisboa: Tinta da China.
Bozzini, David M. 2011. “Low-tech Surveillance and the Despotic State in Eritrea”, in Surveillance & Society 9 (1/2): 93-113
Bridgland, Fred. 1987. Jonas Savimbi: A Key to Africa: The Story Behind the Battle for Angola. London: Paragon House.
Botequilha, Henrique. 2005. “Angola. A Guerra da Paz”. In África. 30 anos depois. Amadora: Edimpresa, 36-51.
Burgis, Tom. 2016. The Looting Machines: War Lords, Oligarchs, Corporations, Smugglers, and the theft of Africa’s Wealth. Public Affairs
Castro, Armando. 1978. O sistema colonial português em África (Meados do século XX). Lisboa: Caminho
Correia, Pedro Pezarat. 2005. “Três décadas de independência”. In África. 30 anos depois. Amadora: Edimpresa.
Club-K. 2016. “Angola: 15+2 perderam o emprego, a segurança e até a família”. 23.08.2016
Dolan, Kerry A. 2013. “Isabel Dos Santos, Daughter Of Angola’s President, Is Africa’s First Woman Billionaire,” Forbes, January 23, 2013
Dolan, Kerry A. 2013a. “Daddy’s Girl: How an African ´Princess`Banked $3 Billion in a Country Living on $2 A Day”, September 2, 2013
Freedom House. 2013. Freeedom on the net. Angola Report 2013
Gomes, Paulo Zacarias. 2017. Isabel dos Santos: “Não há essa coisa de filha do Presidente”, Jornal de Negócios, 4 Abril 2017
González Sánchez, Ivanhoe Luciano. 2007. El Soba de la República de Angola. Su importancia social.
Gunter, Janet. 2014. “Digital Surveillance in Angola and Other “Less Important” African Countries”. in Advox. Global Voices. 26 February 2014
James, W. Martin. 2004. Historical Dictionary of Angola. ISBN-13: 978-0810871939
Jover, Estefanía et alii. 2012. Angola Private Sector. Country Profile. UK: Printech Europe
Marcum, John. 1969. The Angolan Revolution, vol. I, The Anatomy of an Explosion. Cambridge, Massachussets & London, MIT Press.
Marcum, John. 1978. The Angolan Revolution, vol.II, Exile Politics and Guerilla Warfare (1962-1976), Cambridge, Massachussets & London, MIT Press.
Martins, Luís Almeida. 2005. Viagem com Regresso. in África. 30 anos depois. pp 6-7 Edimpresa, Amadora, ISSN: 989-612-184-2
M´Bokolo, Elikia. 2003. África Negra: História e Civilizações. Vol. I. Até ao séc. XVIII. Lisboa: Colibri
Martins, Luís Almeida. 2005 (a). “Angola”. in África. 30 anos depois. pp. 10-11, Edimpresa, Amadora, ISSN: 989-612-184-2
Martins, Luís Almeida. 2005 (b) “A ‘Jóia da Coroa’”, in África. 30 anos depois, pp. 64-69, Edimpresa, Amadora, ISSN: 989-612-184-2
Mateus, Dalila Cabrita & Mateus, Álvaro. 2007. A purga em Angola: Nito Alves, Sita Valles, Zé Van Dúnem: O 27 de Maio de 1977. Lisboa & Porto: Asa Editora
Morais, Rafael Marques de. 2000. O “bâton” da Ditadura. in Público, 1.4.2000
Morais, Rafael Marques de. 2013. “The Angolan Presidency: The Epicentre of Corruption,” Maka Angola (
Morais, Rafael Marques de. 2014. “A Propaganda de Isabel dos Santos, George Soros e Eu”. in Maka Angola, 7.5.2014
Murakami Wood, David. A Report on the Surveillance Society 2006.
Oliveira, Ricardo Soares de. 2015. Magnifica e Miserável Angola. Lisboa: Tinta da China.
Polgreen, Lydia. 2003. “Angolans Come Home to ‘Negative Peace’”, in New York Times, July 30 2003
Redvers, Louise. 2011. “Angola victory for cyber activists?”, in BBC News, 27 May 2011
Redvers, Louise. 2012. “José Eduardo dos Santos: Angola’s shy president”, in BBC News, 29 August 2012
Rogério, Luísa. 2015. “Diamantes de Sangue”. in Rede Angola, 30.03.2015
Santos, Hélia. 2008. "MPLA (Angola)", in A Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures - Continental Europe and its Empires. Edinburgh University Press: 480
Torres, Adelino. 1991. O Império português entre o real e o imaginário. Lisboa: Escher
Vumby, Fernando. 2014. “A trajectória criminosa dos serviços secretos angolanos”. in Pambazua News. Voices for Freedom and Justice. 31.03.2014
Wheeler, Douglas; Pélissier, Renée. 2009. História de Angola. Lisboa: Tinta da China