The Making of a Totalitarian Surveillance Machine: Surveillance in Turkey Under AKP Rule

Main Article Content

Ozgun Topak

Abstract

This article examines surveillance initiatives under the AKP rule in Turkey (2002-present). The AKP had first tested and perfected surveillance methods, including wiretapping, internet surveillance and surveillance by collaborator-informant networks, over its key opponents and dissidents to capture the state apparatus and later applied similar methods to govern the entire society. In the aftermath of the 2013 Gezi protests, surveillance began to have a mass character, even though targeted surveillance practices continued. Fearful of another popular public revolt, the AKP established a mass surveillance mechanism and empowered it by new amendments to security and communication laws, to pre-empt and suppress public dissent. The recent state of emergency measures following the failed coup attempt in July 2016 represented a further drift towards totalitarian surveillance. The personal liberties were suspended and the state of exception became a permanent condition.

Article Details

How to Cite
TOPAK, Ozgun. The Making of a Totalitarian Surveillance Machine: Surveillance in Turkey Under AKP Rule. Surveillance & Society, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 3/4, p. 535-542, aug. 2017. ISSN 1477-7487. Available at: <https://ojs.library.queensu.ca/index.php/surveillance-and-society/article/view/6614>. Date accessed: 17 oct. 2017.
Keywords
Surveillance; Turkey; totalitarianism; dissent
Section
Articles

References

Agamben, G. 1998. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, trans. by Daniel Heller-Roazen, Stanford: Stanford University Press

Agamben, G. 2005. State of Exception, trans. by K. Attell, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Akser, M. and Baybars-Hawks, B. 2012. Media and Democracy in Turkey: Toward a Model of Neoliberal Media Autocracy. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 5(3): 302–321.

Amnesty International. 2012. Amnesty International Report on Turkey. Istanbul: Uluslararası Af Örgütü Türkiye Şubesi.

Arendt, H. 1976 [1951]. The Origins of Totalitarianism. Orlando: Harvest.

Arendt, H. 2006 [1954]. “Preface: The Gap Between Past and Future” In Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought, New York: Penguin, 3-16.

Benjamin, W. 1968. Illuminations: Essays and Reflections. Ed. Hannah Arendt and Trans Harry Zohn. New York: Schocken.

Berksoy, B. 2013. Military, Police and Intelligence in Turkey: Recent Transformations and Needs for Reform. Istanbul: TESEV Publications.

Cohen, S. 1993. Human Rights and Crimes of the State: The Culture of Denial. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 26(2): 97-115.

Deveci H. 2016. Yeniden Ergenekon:Bir Hukuk Katliamının İbret Verici Öyküsü, Türkiye Politika ve Araştırma Merkezi (Research Turkey), 5(6):.74 – 85.
Epstein, C. 2004. The Stasi: New Research on the East German Ministry of State Security, Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. 5 (2): 321-348.

HRW. 2014. Turkey: Internet Freedom, Rights in Sharp Decline. Human Rights Watch, Available at: https://www.hrw.org/news/2014/09/02/turkey-internet-freedom-rights-sharp-decline

Koloğlu, O. 1987. Abdülhamit Gerçeği. Istanbul: Gur Yayınları.

Lyon, D. 2015. Surveillance After Snowden, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

OHCHR. 2017. Report on the human rights situation in South-East Turkey July 2015 to December 2016. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/TR/OHCHR_South-East_TurkeyReport_10March2017.pdf#sthash.c6fifoZ6.dpuf

Kasaba, R. 2008. Introduction. In: Kasaba R (eds) The Cambridge History of Turkey: Volume (4). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1–8.

McCoy. AW. 2009. Policing America's Empire. The United States, the Philippines and the Rise of the Surveillance State. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Saka, E. 2016. Siyasi trollük örneği olarak Aktroller. Birikim, (322): 17-21.

TBMM. 2013. Haberlesme Ozgurlugune ve Ozel Hayatin Gizliligine Yonelik Ihlallerin Tespiti ve Onlenmesine Iliskin Tedbirlerin Belirlenmesi Amaciyla Kurulan Melis Arastirmasi Komisyonu Raporu. TBMM Tutanak Dergisi: 17 Nisan 2013.

Tuğal, C. 2016. The Fall of the Turkish Model, London: Verso.

Yesil, B. 2016. Media in new Turkey: the origins of an authoritarian neoliberal state. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Zedner, L. 2009. Security. London and New York: Routledge.