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Given recognition of widespread state sponsored surveillance programs, are liberal democracies descending into an Orwellian authoritarian nightmare? The realities of the modern surveillance state instead suggest our worries ought to be about Kafkaesque bureaucratic black holes. In this paper we suggest that authoritarianism can be avoided by liberal democracies if they adhere to processes of ensurance and assurance. Moreover, we argue that both of these attributes are instrumentally enabled by transparency.
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