Main Article Content
Marinomonas primoryensis is a Gram-negative and strictly aerobic bacterium, an isolate of which was found in a brackish (half-strength seawater) lake in Antarctica. M. primoryensis produces a Ca2+-dependent 1.5-MDa ice-binding adhesin (MpAFP) that likely binds the bacterium to the underside of surface ice, where it may have better access to oxygen and other nutrients. The MpAFP is divided into five distinct regions that include the highly repetitive Region II (RII) and the moderately repetitive ice-binding Region IV (RIV). Region V (RV) is the C-terminal domain of MpAFP, and may serve as its non-cleavable signal sequence for the Type I Secretion System (TISS). The Protein Homology/analogY Recognition Engine (Phyre2) Server modeled RV as a Ca2+-bound β-rich structure. A previous study used a RV construct that started directly following the C-terminus of RIV, but the expressed protein aggregated and was unsuitable for further characterization. Here, we report the expression and purification of a fusion construct spanning RIV and RV. We defined the start of the RV domain by digesting the purified RIV-V fusion protein with trypsin in the presence of Ca2+. A soluble RV was then purified from the digestion mixture using anion-exchange chromatography, and its N-terminal residues were determined using Edman degradation sequencing. The folding of the newly designed RV construct was assessed by size-exclusion chromatography and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. This work will provide insight into the structural relationship between RIV and RV, as well as how extremely large proteins are secreted via the TISS in Gram-negative bacteria.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.