International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering, Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship An academically rigorous peer-reviewed journal on service-learning in alll disciplines of engineering en-US <p class="BodyStyle">Authors retain the copyright for material published in IJSLE, including but not limited to all rights to authorize subsequent publication and/or translation. Any factual inaccuracies or opinions expressed therein are the authors' own, and do not necessarily reflect the knowledge, views, or positions of the Pennsylvania State University, any of the university's units, or The Journal's editors.</p><p class="BodyStyle">Material appearing in The International Journal of Service Learning in Engineering may be distributed freely by electronic or any other means, providing that any such distribution is without charge (unless for purposes of cost recovery by interlibrary loan services) and that The Journal is acknowledged as the source. However, no article may be reprinted in any publication without the explicit written permission of the author(s).</p><p class="BodyStyle">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</p> (Thomas Colledge, PhD, PE) (OJS Administrator) Thu, 28 Sep 2017 00:00:00 -0400 OJS 60 A New Zealand National Outreach Program – Inspiring Young Girls in Humanitarian Engineering <p>The representation of women in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education and professions fall far short of their representation in other various disciplines. Finding ways to increase underrepresented populations in STEM fields continues to be a major initiative in education. Outreach programs that demonstrate the social benefits of engineering are an effective way to engage students’ interest and enhance their understanding of the theory and practice of science and engineering. This paper describes the design of an outreach program that provided a learning experience on the nature of engineering (via community service activities) to school girls aged 10 to 13 years in New Zealand. The objective of the program was to raise aspirations of young girls to pursue a career in engineering, by demonstrating the social benefits of engineering and thus develop enthusiasm for STEM subjects applied in the context of humanitarian engineering. The strategies for improving similar outreach programs and the lessons learned are also discussed.</p> Jane Goodyer, Ishani B. Soysa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 27 Nov 2017 10:07:21 -0500 Engineering Sustainable Aquaculture in Rural Haiti: A Case Study <p class="Abstract">Large commercial and small scale aquaculture programs have been attempted in Haiti with mixed results. This paper examines a case study where a grassroots Haitian organization worked with American engineers and university students to design and construct simple infrastructure to augment their hatchery. This small investment has also encouraged other Haitians to open up aquaculture programs, independent of international intervention, that utilize this new infrastructure. The practices and partnership exhibited in this case study can be replicated with similar outcomes for local enterprises and businesses. Aquaculture still has many obstacles but many infrastructure challenges can be overcome through such synergies.</p> <p class="Abstract">&nbsp;</p> Aaron S. Gordon, Jeff Plumblee, Guy Higdon, David Vaughn ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 27 Nov 2017 10:10:09 -0500 YES International Summer Service Program Design for High School Students <p dir="ltr"><span>YES Prep Public Schools is a group of public charter schools focused on serving students from low-income communities across Houston, Texas. One requirement of all YES students is summer school between grades 5 through 10 and two mandatory summer internships between grades 10 and 12. Due to financial concerns many students who desire to do an international internship cannot afford any available programs offering such internships. In 2005, we introduced a new, internal, international summer service program for YES high school students to satisfy our summer internship requirement. This paper focuses on the process and results of designing, implementing, and modifying the program using the Lean Startup methodology through its first few years before it won a national award for its character-building work.</span></p><div><span><br /></span></div> Victor Udoewa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 27 Nov 2017 10:14:42 -0500 Applying Theory to Real-World Problems: Integrating Service-Learning into the Industrial Engineering Capstone Design Course <p class="Abstract">The Senior Capstone Design course is one of the most important in the four-year industrial engineering curriculum. The course concludes the Industrial Engineering (IE) student’s undergraduate studies, satisfying the Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology’s (ABET) requirements and allowing students to work in collaborative teams. Service-learning is an educational approach that integrates academics with community service; students apply classroom content to community problems, thereby enhancing learning while providing needed services to underserved populations. The proposed service-learning aims to address all the ABET requirements as well as involve a collaborative research partnership in which students conduct research to meet a community organization’s needs. The deliverables for this project include (1) a detailed report describing the design, analysis, performance, and alternative approaches, (2) the physical prototype developed by the team, and (3) a network of experienced young professionals who can be recruited as employees for local community organizations. A pre-test and post-test were administered at the beginning and end of the semester to assess learning over time. These tests were specifically assessing student confidence in ability to transition smoothly from academia to professional environments. In addition, a mid-semester survey was used to gather detailed information about stakeholder reactions, learning, and behaviors.&nbsp;</p> Sinan Onal, Joel Nadler, Megan O'Loughlin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 27 Nov 2017 10:18:55 -0500 Soap-Making Process Improvement: Including Social, Cultural and Resource Constraints in the Engineering Design Process <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The engineering profession is increasingly recognizing that engineers’ abilities to utilize a systems perspective and collaborate on multidisciplinary teams are critical professional competencies required to solve contemporary engineering challenges. Understanding context, including but not limited to social and cultural context, is one aspect of systems thinking that is important to effective problem-solving, yet such training is not yet standard in our engineering curricula. Humanitarian engineering-related capstone design projects offer both hands-on and field opportunities to integrate social and cultural appropriateness into a formal engineering design curriculum. Over the 2015-2016 academic year, Oregon State University offered a capstone project aimed at optimizing and implementing an improved soap-making process for TERREWODE, a non-governmental organization in Uganda. The ultimate goal of this soap-making project was to expand income-generating opportunities for victims and survivors of obstetric fistula. The project consisted of a six-month, on-campus design phase and a three-week field implementation and research trip in Soroti, Uganda. Six Social Justice (SJ) criteria were used in assessing project context and developing design requirements. Throughout the design phase, experimental testing drove the majority of design decisions. During field implementation and research, the three-student capstone design team worked closely with TERREWODE and their members to optimize the process, understand cultural conditions, and recommend options for potential local solar power systems.</p> </div> </div> </div> Grace Burleson, Brian Butcher, Brianna Goodwin, Kendra Sharp, Bonnie Ruder ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 28 Nov 2017 13:16:26 -0500 Engineering to Help Communities or Students’ Development? An ethnographic case study of an engineering-to-help student organization <p>This article offers a critical ethnographic analysis of the organization Mines Without Borders (MWB), a student group at Colorado School of Mines. It evaluates the impact the group’s institutional culture has on its effectiveness as a student-led engineering-to-help organization. Through ethnographic and participatory research methods, we sought to understand members’ motivations for joining the organization, their prior knowledge of engineering-to-help, their critiques of the organization, and how well MWB balances service learning for their members and impact on the communities they seek to serve. A participatory photo essay was used to illustrate the perspective of the community members in Nicaragua, and vice versa. The researchers found that members are primarily motivated by a desire to help disadvantaged populations, have little background knowledge on principles of engineering-to-help, see the organization as socially exclusive, and that MWB places a greater emphasis on student experience than community impact. The participative photo essay suggests that MWB members and community members have different perceptions of what constitutes collaboration. This research advances current research on engineering-to-help organizations with the growth of humanitarian engineering programs throughout the world. The results of this ethnography have been used within the organization to enhance its potential effectiveness to benefit students and community members alike.</p> David LaPorte, Erin Kim, Jessica Smith ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 27 Nov 2017 10:24:46 -0500