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Popular Catholic education appears in relation to Catholic propaganda and as a means to neutralize secular schooling, a socializing and moralizing model for popular clases, within the framework of the Catholic movement. Franco, during the first stage of the regime , gave the Church control of education. During the 1950s and 1960s Catholic schools were associated to middle clases, while keeping a strong presence in the offering of free elementary schooling. Begining in 1945, diverse sectors within Spanish Catholicism committed to pastoral social work intensified their social immersion and popular education grew in light of that commitment. Education would be a fundamental component of a pastoral model that became increasingly social and also efficient. Popular educational practices moved from charity and assistentialism to the arena of social commitment in order to reach the weakest and those far away. These practices led to new commitments such as special education, emancipation of women, recreation, adult education.
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