Anti-Fascism and the Ethics of Prefiguration

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Benjamin Franks


There is a tension between rival anti-fascist praxes: social democratic, orthodox Marxist and indeed some anarchist movements privilege consequentialist approaches because the goal of defeating fascism is viewed as the supreme value, whilst most anarchists and heterodox Marxist approaches have tended to support prefigurative methods. This paper clarifies the concept of prefiguration to illustrate the differences and conflicts between these anti-fascist approaches and the possibilities of a convergence. In doing so it identifies and replies to some of the main criticisms of prefigurative anti-fascism.

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FRANKS, Benjamin. Anti-Fascism and the Ethics of Prefiguration. Affinities: A Journal of Radical Theory, Culture, and Action, [S.l.], june 2014. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 nov. 2017.
anti-fascism, virtue theory, prefiguration, consequentialism, direct action, anarchism, Leninism,
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