Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 2018-02-14T11:45:26-05:00 Jennifer Waugh Open Journal Systems <p>Ideas in Ecology and Evolution is a peer-reviewed, open-access, non-profit, electronic journal published at Queen's University.</p> <p>IEE publishes forum-style articles that develop <strong>New ideas</strong> or that involve original <strong>Commentaries</strong> on any topics within the broad domains of fundamental or applied ecology or evolution. They may encompass any level of biological organization, and involve any taxa, including humans. Articles may concern focussed subject matter within a particular sub-discipline of ecology or evolution, or they may be broader in scope, including articles that aim to inform fields of study outside of biology. The Table of Contents for the current issue is populated in succession, with each article added as soon as it is accepted for publication.</p> <p>Creativity and controversy are the catalysts of scientific enquiry and discovery. The central mission of this journal is to provide a rapidly published repository for novel thinking and opinion-pieces — to serve effectively as a 'catalogue' for modelers and empiricists, as well as for educators and the media, from which they can 'shop' for original ideas and hypotheses that have been subjected to critical peer review (including with published commentary response from professional biologists), and that are available then to be explored, debated and tested by researchers. &nbsp;As a reliable source of inspiration, Ideas in Ecology and Evolution aims to play an important role in guiding the direction and progress of both future research and public awareness in ecology and evolution.</p> <p>IEE also publishes <strong>Editorials, Book Reviews</strong> and two feature sections:&nbsp;<strong>Future of Publishing</strong> focusses specifically on commentary and analyses that provide insights into the process of scholarly communication in ecology and evolution, including with inspiration for other fields of study. These articles provide exploration, interpretations, and recommendations for advancing communication tools for researchers, and the dissemination of all forms of research products.&nbsp;<strong>Political and Social Issues</strong>&nbsp;will address important linkages that ecology, evolution and environmental science have with political discourse and contemporary culture. These articles may&nbsp;include commentaries, solution sets, critiques, novel mindsets, and analyses of political/social developments/interventions.</p> <p>Ideas in Ecology and Evolution is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association <a href="">(OASPA)</a>, is registered with <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ulrichsweb</a>&nbsp;Global Serials Directory, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CrossRef</a>, and the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Directory of Open Access Journals</a> (DOAJ). IEE&nbsp;is a participating member of <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scholars Portal</a> and&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LOCKSS</a> ('Lots Of Copies Keep Stuff Safe'), which creates a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration.</p> <p>IEE is&nbsp;searchable using <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science</a>&nbsp;(starting 2015) and&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a>, and by using any Open Archives Initiative (OAI) compliant metadata harvester.&nbsp;</p> <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>.<br><br> <a id="clustrMapsLink" href=""><img id="clustrMapsImg" style="border: 0px;" title="Locations of visitors to this page" src="" alt="Locations of visitors to this page"> </a></p> Open Sesame: R for Data Science is Open Science 2017-03-03T17:00:52-05:00 Christopher J. Lortie <p>A review of a recent book on data science is framed within the context of open science. I propose that R is a natural bridge between data and open science and a powerful ally in promoting transparent, reproducible science.</p> 2017-03-03T16:59:30-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Idea farming: it is a good idea to have bad ideas in science. 2017-10-29T09:55:08-04:00 Christopher J. Lortie <p>There are few truly bad ideas in authentic science. We need to embrace science as a process-driven human endeavour to better understand the world around us. Products are important, but through better transparency, we can leverage ideas, good and bad, ours and others, to do better science. In a brief analysis here inspired by a recent discussion of the topic and previous introspections by other ecologists, it is proposed that whilst it is a good idea to track ideas and all the processes that generate outcomes such as publications, there is inherent merit in all scientific ideas. That said, organizing and framing our ideas into the networks that we already use to examine hypotheses and questions in science is a window into our workflows including ideation, implementation, data analyses, and how we can better map ideas into open science outcomes. Formalizing and describing the linkages between ideas, data, and projects we produce as scientists will enhance and diversify the value of the work we do individually and collectively.</p> 2017-10-29T09:53:18-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Does the seed rain limit recruitment, regeneration, and plant community dynamics? 2017-04-20T13:53:17-04:00 Randall Myster <p>The role of the seed rain in affecting recruitment, regeneration, and plant community dynamics continues to be debated. Studies show that seed limitation for recruitment is more likely as ecosystems become colder and more species-poor, as in boreal forests, and for species that have large seeds and short-lived seed banks. Even if there is a limiting effect of the seed rain for recruitment, however, clumping seen for mature trees and other evidence suggests that its effect diminishes with time. I posit that the dynamics of plant communities are largely determined where the seed rain is abundant and not limiting—in local spaces close to dispersing plants. Putting all the evidence together, I conclude that it is what happens to seeds after dispersal—such as loss to predation and pathogenic attack, or germination success resulting from environmental tolerances—that has a greater effect on recruitment, regeneration and plant community dynamics. And thus the variation in the workings of seed fate mechanisms and environmental tolerances, deserve more research attention. The importance of the seed rain in affecting recruitment of individual plants, regeneration of individual plants, and plant community dynamics has been over-emphasized in plant modeling and theory. </p> 2017-04-20T13:53:16-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The soil mosaic hypothesis: a synthesis of multi-trophic diversification via soil heterogeneity 2017-07-31T15:00:53-04:00 Andrea E. Glassmire Joshua P. Jahner Kevin J. Badik Matthew L. Forister Angela M. Smilanich Lee A. Dyer Joseph S. Wilson <p>Myriad unexplored mechanisms potentially drive ecological speciation and could help explain global variation in diversity. Here, we develop a novel hypothesis focused on variation in biotic, chemical, and physical properties of soil as a factor contributing to diversification in communities of plants and animals. The Soil Mosaic Hypothesis (SMH) suggests that differences in soil attributes can affect intraspecific variation in phytochemistry, leading to cascading ecological and evolutionary effects on higher trophic levels. To illustrate the potential importance of the SMH, we examine three underlying ideas: (1) plant species and species assemblages shift over time, exposing them to novel soil environments, which can lead to ge netic differentiation; (2) differences in soil properties can alter phytochemistry via plasticity and local adaptation; (3) phytochemistry can drive herbivore diversification via divergent natural selection (i.e. ecological speciation). The SMH provides insight into the process of diversification in a variety of landscapes and at a variety of scales&nbsp;and may inform analyses of diversification at local, regional, and global scales.</p> 2017-07-31T15:00:41-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The demise of dinosaurs and learned taste aversions: The biotic revenge hypothesis 2018-02-14T11:45:26-05:00 Michael Frederick Gordon G. Gallup, Jr. <p>Numerous hypotheses have been advanced to explain the worldwide extinction event that led to the disappearance of the dinosaurs. There is considerable empirical support for the well-known asteroid impact hypothesis, and volcanic eruptions in the Deccan Traps have also been implicated. Increasingly, theories involving multiple causes are being considered, yet few of these consider how the cognitive and behavioral abilities of certain classes of animals may have differed in ways that allowed some to survive while others perished. Here we advance the hypothesis along with supporting evidence that the emergence of toxic plants coupled with an inability to form learned taste aversions may have contributed to the extinction of dinosaurs.</p> 2018-02-14T11:39:42-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The sapiens advantage 2017-04-18T13:01:44-04:00 Lonnie Aarssen n/a 2017-04-18T13:01:44-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## YouTube videos of 'research in action' foster diverse public interest in science 2017-08-16T10:10:54-04:00 Michael A. Gil <p>Globally, scientific enterprises seek to diversify interest and participation in STEM fields, to both provide equitable opportunities and to push research forward. However, diversity in STEM remains low in many institutions. Internet-based video has emerged as a dominant communication medium that scientists can use to communicate the motivations, process, and products of their work to a diverse, mass audience. Here I describe my use of internet-based video about my research and career as a marine biologist as a tool to inspire broad public interest in science. With my YouTube videos, I have reached a diverse and growing global viewership, amassing &gt;10,000 hours of watch time at the time of this writing. Viewer surveys revealed that my videos have improved individual perceptions about science and science careers, particularly among women and minority groups. I conclude that the emergence of internet-based video as a dominant, ever-expanding communication medium provides an unprecedented but largely untapped opportunity for scientists to broadly communicate their research and to inspire diverse interest in STEM careers.</p> 2017-08-16T10:10:45-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Value of communicating global change biology in the media 2017-06-06T14:47:33-04:00 Sapna Sharma <p>Media interest in global change biology can help scientists find wide audiences for their work.&nbsp; In this editorial, I provide personal perspectives on science communication and tips for scientists on engaging with journalists to disseminate their findings.&nbsp;</p> 2017-06-06T14:47:33-04:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Is it possible to make environmental science relevant to society at-large? 2017-11-10T22:32:11-05:00 Adam Rosenblatt <p>Over the last five U.S. presidential election cycles, public concern about environmental issues has seemingly declined while concerns about national security and economic issues have remained steady or increased. These changes in public attitudes have been associated with decreased attention to environmental issues amongst policymakers, a situation that contrasts strongly with the 1970s when public concern about environmental issues was high and environmental legislation was a U.S. federal government priority. “Framing” has been proposed as a tool that environmental scientists could use to increase the relevancy of their research to U.S. society at-large, thereby helping to change public attitudes and influence policymaking. However, if done haphazardly, some framing efforts can actually have the opposite effect. To combat this weakness, environmental scientists should join with experts in psychology, decision science, and social science to create interdisciplinary teams that can effectively communicate with the public, positively affect public opinion, and make environmental science more relevant and meaningful to society at-large.</p> 2017-11-10T22:32:05-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##