Journal of Critical Race Inquiry <p>Journal of Critical Race Inquiry is a copyrighted, peer-reviewed, open-access electronic journal that advances Canadian and international scholarship on race and racialization.</p> <p>JCRI was founded at Queen’s University (Kingston, Ontario, Canada) where its academic home is in the Department of Gender Studies.</p> Queen's University. Website: en-US Journal of Critical Race Inquiry 1925-3850 <p>Authors who publish with the Journal of Critical Race Inquiry (CRI) agree to the following terms:</p><ul><li><div>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</div></li><li><div>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</div></li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li></ul> Emancipation in an Islamophobic age: Finding agency in "nonrecognition," "refusal," and "self-recognition" <p>The existing Islamophobia literature has aptly illustrated how the tragedy of 9/11 and the discourses that followed have situated ‘Muslims’ in a multifaceted system of reductive caricatures and security structures such that the <em>Muslim subject </em>“can at a moment’s notice be erected as [an] object of supervision and discipline” (Morey and Yaqin 2011: 5-6). The current paper builds off this structural analysis, however orients attention to the agents that sit at the receiving end of this architecture. Examining an annual multi-medium exhibit featuring the artistic works of Muslim women in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), I ask what (re)imaginings and possibilities of <em>place</em>, <em>voice </em>and <em>emancipation </em>are available in our Islamophobic age? What possibilities can we detangle from closely engaging with the negotiation patterns of the agents living the everyday of Islamophobia. (Mus)interpreted - an amalgamation of <em>misinterpreted </em>and <em>Muslim interpreted </em>- is an exhibit oriented towards <em>uncovering</em>-<em>dismantling-and-rectifying </em>the politics of living and finding ‘home’ amidst the backdrop of <em>the problematic subject </em>frame. The paper will engage with the ‘artistic statements’ of nearly two dozen multi-medium curated pieces, and ask what possibilities of <em>place, voice and emancipation </em>remain for the post 9/11 Muslim subject in our increasingly securitized and racialized age. There will also be a sustained attention given to issues of recognition/misrecognition /nonrecognition, broadly asking if the <em>politics of</em> <em>recognition</em> is framed as the site for emancipatory re-imaginings, or as the curators put it, as the grounds for “inclusive-future[s]”?</p> Nadiya N. Ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 5 1 1 26 10.24908/jcri.v5i1.6567 “We must use every legal means to … put them behind bars, or to run them out of town”: Assembling citizenship deservingness in Toronto <p>This paper examines the assemblage and reassemblage of citizenship deservingness in Canada in the past few decades. By citizenship deservingness, I refer to the ways immigrant and racialized persons are accorded value and opportunity to access and retain formal citizenship status, including the right to remain in Canada. In order to make this argument, I examine the response to a 2012 shooting in Scarborough, an “inner suburb” of Toronto, Canada. I situate the shooting responses alongside policy and discursive changes that have made it easier to deport permanent residents from Canada if they have committed certain criminal acts. As scholars have noted, the targets of such policies are often the same individuals profiled and typecast as committing criminal acts—namely, immigrant and racialized men. In the Scarborough shooting, Jamaican men were specifically criminalized and targeted for exile from the city and country. My analysis demonstrates how, through this process, discourses of race and space came together to produce and legitimate policy changes that continue to erode the rights accorded to permanent residents and citizens.</p> Paloma E. Villegas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 5 1 27 49 10.24908/jcri.v5i1.9135 Prioritized: That ghetto dude from Malvern <p>Malvern, a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, was turned into a designated area for affordable housing during its transformation into a modern community in the late 20<sup>th</sup>century. Any positive connotation that was once attached to ‘affordable housing’ as an idyllic space for hard-working residents quickly disappeared, however, and Malvern has repeatedly been labeled one of Toronto’s most dangerous neighbourhoods, in dire need of improvement. In this essay, I borrow from Omi and Winant (2015) to argue that the neighbourhood of Malvern is a racial project – that is, Malvern’s representations assign meaning to race, created not only through racist and classist planning, but also through the ways that Malvern is shared in the larger public, through media representations of Malvern, and the complex experiences and realities of its residents. Populated almost entirely by visible minorities, the mapping of criminal deviance alongside racialized individuals has ensured that Malvern and its residents continue to be marred by stigma and stereotypes, leaving residents feeling conflicted with internalized and arguably perverse understandings of themselves, and without the necessary support that disadvantaged neighbourhoods should receive. Today, Malvern is the product of purposeful, structural violence, with the people of Malvern perceived as lacking the civility to maintain the ideal space that was created for them. Using the work of Henri Lefebvre, this paper provides a detailed analysis of the way that Malvern was conceived and perceived to exist and the way that it continues to be lived as a racial project. Malvern, like other inner-city neighbourhoods in North America, has remained at a disadvantage since its inception. In this essay, I explore how the perception of Malvern came to be and how first-hand experiences within Malvern’s borders differ from those which are negatively portrayed in the media.</p> Dargine Rajeswaran ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 5 1 50 73 10.24908/jcri.v5i1.6378 "Not looking at us level": Systemic barriers faced by Aboriginal teachers in remote communities in Central Australia <p>This essay is based on doctoral research that examined the reasons behind the low number of young Aboriginal teachers currently undertaking and completing teacher education in remote communities in Central Australia. By listening to the stories of a group of fully qualified and experienced Aboriginal teachers, this doctoral research explored the complex array of barriers, as well as supports, that Aboriginal people from remote communities encounter as educators. The seven teacher participants in this research have each spent between 20 and 35 years working in their respective schools in their home communities (see map below) and have undertaken and completed the requisite study to become fully qualified teachers. The purpose of this essay is to focus exclusively on the examples of systemic barriers experienced by these teachers through the theoretical lens of race, using settler colonial theory, whiteness theory and critical race theory (CRT).</p> Lisa Hall ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 5 1 74 101 10.24908/jcri.v5i1.6549 BOOK REVIEW: Afro-Atlantic Flight: Speculative Returns and the Black Fantastic, by Michelle D. Commander (2017). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. <p>Book review of Michelle D. Commander's (2017)&nbsp;<em>Afro-Atlantic Flight: Speculative Returns and the Black Fantastic</em>.</p> R. Scott Carey ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 5 1 102 105 10.24908/jcri.v5i1.7170 BOOK REVIEW: In The Wake: On Blackness and Being, by Christina Sharpe (2017). Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Yilong Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-02-16 2018-02-16 5 1 106 109 10.24908/jcri.v5i1.7293