Aims, Goals, and Objectives

Nel Noddings


Aims, goals, and objectives can be thought of as hierarchically ordered educational purposes. In today's policy discussions, aims (the most generally stated purposes) are too often sacrificed for specific learning objectives. Although aims, unlike objectives, cannot be pursued and measured directly, their continued discussion is essential; careful consideration of aims should guide our choices of curriculum and pedagogy and the selection and evaluation of goals and objectives.

Key words: aims, goals, objectives, democratic education

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